Lindsey Spanner

Propagandizing Genocide

In the fourth episode of our series on genocide, Again and Again, we speak with Theogene Rudasingwa, former Chief of Staff to Rwanda President Paul Kagame (2000-2004) and former Ambassador to the United States (1996-1999). Rudasingwa, now living in exile in the United States, speaks about how propaganda was used to intensify divisions within Rwanda and eventually contribute to the Rwandan genocide in 1994. He also provides insights into the aftermath of the genocide and discusses how the suppression of speech can impede ongoing reconciliation efforts in Rwanda.

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Photo Credit: Adam Jones, Ph.D./Global Photo Archive/Wikimedia Commons

Invasive Species

As humans have migrated around the world throughout the centuries, they often brought with them various animals and plants to help colonize this planet. Whether intending to establish sources for food in otherwise barren landscapes or unleashing unknown stowaway creatures, humans have unwittingly caused countless invasions by other foreign organisms.

In this episode, we discuss invasive species – from cane toad to cat – and the impact they can have on the new lands they occupy.

Global Maternal Healthcare: A Study in Cultural Competency

In this episode, we speak with two recent graduate students from the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University here in Washington, DC,  Prerna Balasundaram and Christina Parker, about their ongoing research on cultural competency in maternal global healthcare.

As part of their end-of-degree capstone project, Prerna and Christina are researching how U.S. doctors are being prepared to provide maternal healthcare in foreign countries and in unfamiliar cultures. Today we’ll talk with them to learn more about this topic, including the policy recommendations emerging from their research.

Spotlight: Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa. Bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria, the former Spanish colony has been under dispute since 1976. Ethnic tensions continue to erupt between the native Sahrawi population and Moroccan immigrants, and Morocco maintains a large security presence in the territory.

In this episode, we take a deep dive into Western Sahara’s ongoing conflict and tensions with Morocco before discussing what the future might hold.

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Photo Credit: NASA

The World of Virtual Reality

Virtual reality–commonly referred to as VR–is an emerging technology that will become increasingly more sophisticated and widespread in the 5G era. VR can improve education, revolutionize healthcare, and even bolster security services. At the same time, however, VR is also be used for malignant purposes.

In this episode, we explore the origins of VR, discuss its applications, and detail some of the risks and vulnerabilities associated with this new technology.

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International Relations of the Amazon

The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest, covering 40% of South America and spanning eight countries and one territory across the continent. It is home to a broad array of languages and cultures that must find a way to ensure a peaceful coexistence.

In this episode, we explore the international relations of the eight countries of the Amazon. We also discuss how these states oversee their portions of the Amazon and govern the rainforest’s inhabitants. In closing, we examine the future of the Amazon, both in its role as a vital climate regulator and as a source of some of the world’s most important natural resources.

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Spotlight: Papua New Guinea

In today’s episode, we put a spotlight on the island nation of Papua New Guinea. PNG, bordering Indonesia and Australia on the edge of the south Pacific ocean, is defined by its diversity. Incredibly rich in resources and cultures, Papua New Guinea faces unprecedented challenges that many other nations do not face. In this episode, we discuss how PNG’s cultural and political makeup internally challenge any efforts for it to fit into international society.

Emergency Warning Systems

Emergency warning systems are used by countries across the world to alert citizens about a variety of incidents, from natural disasters to military threats. Modern emergency warning systems are taking advantage of new technologies such as text messaging to ensure warnings reach the broadest possible audience. These systems, however, vary in their effectiveness and are vulnerable to human error and even malicious interference.

In this episode, we look into the history of emergency warning systems, provide examples of how these systems have been leveraged across various countries, and discuss their level of effectiveness in ensuring citizen safety.

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National Apologies

Around the world, governments and nation-states have issued–and continue to issue–national apologies to victimized communities, populations, or countries. These apologies are often contentious and can cause ripple effects that influence foreign or domestic policies.

In this episode, we discuss what qualifies as a “national apology,” look at why national apologies are issued, and examine whether or not they achieve their intended goals.

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